Linux has always been a primary operating system for productivity and coding among other things. But what most people do not know is that it is also a great operating system that can do a lot of basics well. Now is a few days there will be an article on my experience using LinkSmint as my primary go to the OS for daily use, but today I will show you how to install Linux on your computer.
While I do not encourage people to give Linux a try, readers must mention that this article is for educational purposes only. As such, the publisher or author of this manual will not be responsible for any defective equipment resulting from this guide. Use at your own risk.
Setup – what you need
Before you start, there are few things you will need to install Linux on your computer or laptop. Here they are :
- If you are on Windows 7 or less, you will need to apply to partition your hard drive if you want to double boot your computer/laptop
- Windows users can partition ten drive purchase right click on my computer and select Manage and select Storage.Learn more below
- You will need 4GB or more flash drive to boot your computer to install Linux. The DVD can also be used
- Of course, you will need an Eso Linux file that you need. Now Linux comes in many shapes and sizes (called Distroz), but the most recommended for new users are Ubuntu or LinkSmint. Make sure whether the system is using 32-bit or 64-bit.
- Rufus to make your flash drive bootable or disc.
- You will need to know if your computer is booted as Legacy or Ivy, you may need this Google to know for sure. When making a bootable disc, you will need to choose what format the disc will be in, the legacy and the AVI format.
You are ready to install Linux. Let’s get started!
Installing Linux will be successful once you follow the instructions below exactly.
- First, you will need to create a partition if you boot dual (running the operating system side by side). I will recommend using about 20-30GB. If in Windows 10, there is a department manager under Computer> Manage> Storage> Disk Management. Here you will right-click the partition you want to drive space from and select the shrinking size and enter the amount that will be reduced by (MB, 1000MB = 1GB). Once completed, you will appear as unallocated, and this is enough now. If it is on Windows 7 or more, you will need a third party Partitioner.
- After that, you will have a bootable disk (flash drive (at least 4 GB or more, the DVD will work as well) and you will need to select the format for your computer, as described above, then you will need to click the disk icon Next to “Create a disc using ESO” and navigate to when you store the required distro to be installed. Once you select, select Start and Rufus will proceed to format Flash or DVD and create bootable media.
- Next, you will need to make your computer bootable from the bootable disk you created, by changing the BIOS boot order. Here again, you will need to check YouTube for specific Pios computers because not all are the same. You will need to put a USB or a bootable DVD to boot first. Once you are finished, you can save and exit from Pius, and the computer will be restarted from the bootable disk.
- Once you boot your computer from the disk, you’ll see that it has been booted to the desktop environment, that is just a free mode where you can try Linux without installing the operating system. On your desktop, you’ll see an icon called Linux Install, which you’ll need to click on to get the complete Linux experience.
- When you select the installation option, you will first be prompted for your language. Once selected, it will detect if there is any partition on the current drive and ask for unloading and formatting, choose No if you have dual boot.
- Now the installer will as if you are to install Linux and show many options. If on a clean drive you can proceed with the first option but when you double boot, you have to select “something else.”
- Once it is done, the installer will take you to a table with some sections showing up. Make sure that the partition you have created shows free space. Once there, go to the next step.
- Now, this part is a bit subjective. For me, I usually just create a swap zone partition and a root partition when installing Linux. Some people might prefer to create a separate boot. To start your partition, you will need to click on the free space section that you had created earlier and click the plus sign at the bottom left of the partition table. First, we are going to create a swap area, so we click on the section, and when you are asked, we will input 4000MB and select logically, and on the partition type, we will choose the swap area. Select “OK, ” and the table will be updated.
- Next, you will need to create a basic partition for the operating system. Again you will click on the free space section (which will be reduced due to the swap area) and click on the plus sign at the bottom. Then you select the primary and leave the input amount to the maximum area that the partition allows. You will need to set this as root even in the type of partition you select “/, ” and select OK, and again the table will be updated.
- Once you have finished, you will need to select the primary partition you have selected and click on the “Install Now” button, which will ask you to choose your location and time and request a connection to Wi-Fi (optional). You can restart your computer and should be prompted by “sunset” that will ask you to start Linux, Advanced or Windows Boot Manager. If you want to boot into Windows, you can select this. Make sure you remove the USB Flash or DVD before rebooting.
- If your computer boots into Windows directly, you will need to restart your computer to Pius and change the boot order to make the partition with Linux boot first. But if you want to use Windows as your primary operating system and that Linux can be hidden, you can leave it like this and use the Boot Manager option (usually F12) to boot in Linux when needed. You will need to enable boot manager in Pius settings before you can use this.